Access to Higher Education Course
Blackford Centre for Higher Education
The course contents and learning outcomes
Unit 1 Induction and welcome.
This unit will take you through all the important information you will require to successfully complete this course. It will tell you who you can go to for support and how to manage your time effectively. The unit details how the marking and grading system works and what feedback you should expect from your tutor.
- Your Route to the Future.
- What you will need for Access to HE
- How to maintain your home life
- Contacting your Mentor
- Practices of a professional Student
- Writing a Personal Statement for University
Unit 2 Research and Referencing
This unit will teach you how to evaluate information when you are researching for a topic. It will highlight the importance of copyright laws and why plagiarism is wrong. It will also explain how to reference your work correctly using the Harvard system.
- Primary versus secondary research
- The problem with plagiarism
- Quotation versus paraphrase – What’s the difference?
- How to reference your work
- Information to include in your reference list
- The need for standardised referencing
Unit 3 English for Academic Study
This unit will help you to develop your critical reading skills and evaluate the different uses of English language in different texts. You will learn how to review, revise and evaluate other people’s work for suitability of purpose and audience. You will develop your skills to successfully create your own written work for a specific audience and purpose.
- Academic writing
- The need for structure and punctuation
- How to distinguish between fact and opinion
- The differences between fact, opinion, belief and prejudice
- How to write formal emails
- How to write a report
Unit 4 Producing a Written Assignment
This unit will support you in developing your writing skills. You will learn to critically select information for a given purpose. The unit will guide you through the process of producing a well-organised plan and teach you how to turn your research and plans into a well formulated written assignment. You will also have the opportunity to reflect on and evaluate your own performance.
- How do I scan a text for information?
- What to consider when reading a text
- Academic Writing
- Essay Writing
- Report Writing
- How to Plan a Written Assignment
Unit 5 Maths in a Health Care Context
This unit will teach you about the different types of maths that you will use in a health care profession. This is especially important when giving medication. You will be taught how to produce and interpret graphs and charts and will look at ratios, percentages and volumes of dosage.
- Everyday maths – budgeting
- Everyday maths – prescriptions
- Percentages, fractions and decimals
- What are Ratios
- Creating and Interpreting Graphs Relating to Conversions for Nursing
- Calculating dose for different patients’ weight
Unit 6 Infection Control
This unit will teach you about the different infectious diseases and how they spread. You will evaluate the effectiveness of immunisation, drugs and hygiene practices to control and prevent the spread of infection. The unit will give you the opportunity to study in detail the signs and symptoms of infectious diseases.
- What is an infectious disease?
- What causes an infectious disease?
- Examples of infectious diseases
- How infections are spread
- Mode of transmission
- Treating viral infections
Unit 7 Care Planning
This unit will teach you how to produce and evaluate a care plan. You will look at the effectiveness of the multi-disciplinary teams involved in the care planning process and consider the legal aspects involved in patient consent. You will also be given guidance on what to do if someone refuses treatment and how this affects their health care provision.
- Understanding the care planning process
- Helping the service user achieve their goals
- Managing health conditions
- The Human Rights Act
- Users’ rights versus competency
- Gillick Competence
Unit 8 Skeleton and Muscles
This unit will teach you about the bones, joints and tendons in our skeletal system. You will learn about the different types of muscles within our body and how they work. You will also be able to consider the effects of poor posture on the muscular and skeletal systems and evaluate the effects of a skeletal disease on a healthy functioning system.
- The musculoskeletal system
- The structure of a bone
- Divisions of the skeletal system
- Common diseases of the skeletal system
- The effects of osteoporosis on the skeletal system
- The effects of bad posture on the musculoskeletal system
Unit 9 Human Respiratory and Cardiac Systems
This unit will teach you how the respiratory and cardiac systems work. It will look at how changes in these systems are associated with respiratory and/or circulatory disease. We also consider the effects of exercise on these two systems. The unit will teach you what makes up our blood, the structure of the cells and how it transports oxygen and carbon dioxide around our body.
- Introduction to the cardiac and respiratory systems
- The structure and function of the heart
- The four blood groups
- Circulatory disease and environmental factors
- Infections of the respiratory system
- The function of the respiratory system.
Unit 10 Health Psychology
This unit will teach you about different models of understanding health behaviours. You will analyse how the ‘Health Belief Model’ and the ‘Theory of Planned Behaviour’ are applied in an attempt to change people’s health behaviour.
- What is Health Psychology?
- Variables of the Health Belief Model
- The Theory of Reasoned Action
- How do the theories explain behaviour choices?
- The Trans-Theoretical Model
- The Sick Role Model
Unit 11 Reproduction
In this unit you will learn about the structure and function of male and female reproductive systems, the process of fertilisation and the role of hormones in maintaining pregnancy. The unit will help you understand the events of birth. You will also have the opportunity to research other areas of reproduction such as sexually transmitted infections, IVF and contraception.
- Understand the key events of human reproduction
- Apply knowledge of reproduction events to an additional area
Unit 12 Cell Biology and Biochemistry
In this unit you will study the structure and function of cells. You will learn about the function of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids and the action of enzymes. The unit will teach you about the movement of substances across cell membranes.
- Understand the structure of eukaryotic cells
- Understand the functions of cell organelles
- Understand the structure and function of biological molecules
- Understand how materials are exchanged across the cell membrane
- Understand the mode of action of enzymes
Unit 13 Nutrition and lifestyle
In this unit you will learn the principles of healthy eating and the importance of physical exercise. This unit will teach you to develop and justify a personal exercise programme considering the clients weight, age and general health and to create nutritionally balanced meals. You will evaluate the effectiveness of your choices for improving a person’s physical fitness and improve their nutritional intake.
- Recognise the role that exercise plays in a healthy lifestyle
- Understand the part played by dietary intake in promoting good health
Unit 14 Infectious Diseases
In this unit you will learn about the characteristics of bacteria, viruses, fungi and protoctista. You will learn about how pathogens spread and evaluate the personal, social, medical and economic problems associated with infectious disease. We will also teach you about immunisation and antibody formation. Alongside this you will learn about the long term effects of antibiotics on pathogen resistance.
- Understand the nature of micro-organisms
- Understand the effects of personal behaviour on the spread of infectious disease
- Understand the impact of medical research and development on the spread of infectious diseases
Unit 15 Physiology and Digestive Processes
This unit will teach you about the organisation of the body and how the main systems, including nervous, endocrine and digestive systems, work together. It looks at the structure of an organ and explains the effective function of different tissues including the process of excretion and the function of the liver and kidneys. The unit highlights the importance of a balanced diet and how the structure of the digestive system is linked to many functions including ingestion, absorption and egestion.
- Understand the organisation of the body
- Understand the structure and functions of the digestive system
- Understand the process of excretion
- Understand the role of the nervous and endocrine systems in co-ordinating body systems
Unit 16 Inequalities in Health and Social Care
This unit will teach you about different findings of sociological research into the inequalities in health and social care. You will evaluate and consider the impact that age, disability, gender, sexuality, class and ethnicity has had on these inequalities.
- Understand the sociological research into inequality in the fields of health and social care
- Understand sociological explanations for the existence of inequality in health or social care
Unit 17 The Nervous System
In this unit you will learn about the structure of the central nervous system, as well as how the sensory, connector and motor neurones work. You will learn about the autonomic nervous system which is responsible for breathing, heartbeat and digestive processes. You will consider the effects of caffeine, nicotine and amphetamines on the transmission of nerve impulses.
- Understand the structure and function of the nervous system
- Understand the autonomic nervous system
- Understand the effects a disorder can have on the nervous system
Unit 18 Understanding stress
In this unit you will compare and evaluate how stress is defined and measured. You will learn about the relationship between stress and ill health and stress and personality. As part of this unit you will evaluate the effectiveness of a physiological and a psychological technique used to control and manage stress.
- Understand the nature of stress and its relationship to health and illness
- Understand ways that stress is measured
- Understand ways in which stress may be managed and controlled
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